Australia’s migrant intake plummets to 10-year low
Australia’s annual intake of permanent migrants has fallen to the lowest level since 2007 under the leadership of the Turnbull government, the latest migration data reveals.
Despite the cap remaining at 190,000 in the last financial year, the actual intake fell to 163,000.
The fall comes despite an unlikely alliance of the trade union movement and the Business Council of Australia urging the government to keep the intake around 190,000.
It also follows a fractious internal debate within the Coalition about whether to cut the cap – led by former prime minister Tony Abbott, who wanted it reduced to as low as 110,000.
The plunge in annual numbers was already anticipated, after Home Affairs officials told a Senate inquiry there had been a substantial reduction in the intake of skilled migrants, due to tougher vetting procedures using new database technology.
The latest figures for the 2017-18 financial year, which ended on July 1, show the skilled stream fell by 12,468 to just 111,099 this year.
But the largest fall was in the family stream, in particular spousal visas, which was cut by almost 15 per cent to 47,732.
“The Coalition has restored our borders and reintroduced integrity into our migration program,” Mr Dutton told The Australian.
“What these figures show is that we have also strengthened Australia’s permanent visa program by ending Labor’s slavish drive for quantity and replacing it with a sharper focus on integrity and quality.”
The figures were released to The Australian newspaper and are yet to be uploaded to the government’s published migration statistics.
The intake of 163,000 is the lowest since around 2007.
Australia’s rate of permanent migration has been capped at 190,000 since 2011.
Nearly every year the cap is met, but in the most recent 2016-17 financial year, the intake dipped to 183,000. The government has no obligation to fill the quota.
Mr Dutton said the final statistics for the 2017-18 year would be available in coming months and suggested the number would again be “less than 190,000”.
The 190,000 places cover permanent visas for workers, families and a smaller portion of permanent places for refugees.
But the figure does not tell the whole story of Australian immigration.
The country’s “net overseas migration” statistics, known as the NOM, track the flows of people in and out of the country.
It includes those who enter the country on temporary visas, including temporary working, student and tourist visas. It also includes Australians who leave the country or return home after time overseas.
Earlier in the year, the Home Affairs department estimated 511,900 people would have arrived in Australia by the end of the financial year.
Minus the 286,200 people who leave, and Australia should be left with a “net” migration of 225,700.